Overview of Hull's Theory, hull was one of the the outnet promo code november 2018 first theorists to attempt creating a grand theory designed to explain all behavior.
Habits and Behavior, hull and Spence believed that the notion of drive-reduction is a main contributor to learning and behavior.
If you are thirsty, you look for water.
As the cycle continues and repeats itself, we learn to adjust to the discomfort that we feel.His work did, however, have an influence on psychology and future theories of motivation.If a dog is given food every single time he does a particular trick such as jumping, he develops a habit that can affect the way it gets food.The "Mathematical Deductive Theory of Behavior" he developed was as follows: sEr V x cadeau pour ami des animaux D x K x J x sHr - sIr - Ir - sOr - sLr sEr: Excitatory potential, or the likelihood that an organism will produce a response (r).Get free access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account.It does not get more basic than this.Understanding Hulls Drive Reduction Theory, hull believed that human body continuously tries to maintain a state of balance, known as homeostasis.
In order to reduce the level of discomfort we experience, we perform an action (behavior) that will allow us to gain a reward, which in this case, is the reduction of its discomfort.
However, his emphasis on rigorous experimental techniques and scientific methods did have an important influence in the field of psychology.
The two operative terms that are hereby emphasized are drive and reduction.
He based his theory on the concept of homeostasis, the idea that the body actively works to maintain a certain state of balance or equilibrium.
Simply put, it is a state wherein all of an organisms needs are met.If, for example, a person has woken up from a nap, has gone to the bathroom, and has eaten a meal, he reaches a certain point where he is relaxed and is in a state where he does not feel the urge to fulfill other.The secondary drive, having money, is satisfied by working a job.For example, working at a job will get you money, and money will buy you food.If you are reading this right now, you are literally not obtaining any of those.This reinforcement increases the likelihood that the same behavior will occur again in the future when the same need arises.When one of these is wanted or needed, it means you are not operating at your homeostatic norm.The theory also fails to explain the reason behind humans and other animals deliberately increasing tension by exploring their environments, even if they are not facing the drive of hunger or thirst.
Hull's approach was viewed by many as overly complex, yet at the same time, critics suggested that drive-reduction theory failed to fully explain human motivation.
However, if a person wakes up at 5am, works out, and has not eaten any food, he would probably feel the need to fulfill certain physical needs, such as that of food.